Basic English Grammar: Determiners

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Determiners are words, placed in front of a noun, to make it clear what the noun refers to. For example, The word, 'people', by itself is a general reference, to some group of human beings. If someone says, 'these people', we know, which group they are talking about, and if they say, 'a lot of people', we know, how big the group is. After completing this lesson, you will be able to understand Determiners. Specific and general Determiners. Difference between Adjective and Determiners. Determiners are a group of words that determine or limit the meaning of noun or a pronoun in sentence. Take a look at these sentences: They are going for a picnic Ahmed is my elder brother Put these books on your table Determiners are words placed ahead of a noun to create it clear what the noun refers to. Take a look at the following examples: Do you have some chocolates? In this sentence, the determiner, some, refers to the noun, chocolates That car is stop again In this sentence, the determiner, that, refers to the noun, Car Which game you are playing right now? In this sentence, the determiner, which, refers to the noun, Game Determiners can be specific or general. a determiner fixes or limits the meaning of a noun, or a noun phrase showing, whether a phrase is definite, indefinite, or negative. General determiners are used in noun phrases, when we are talking about, people or things, in an indefinite way. Specific determiners are used in noun phrases, when we are talking about, specific people, or things. Determiners like, much, many, some, and few, are general or indefinite determiners. Determiners like, this, my, the, and those, are specific or definite determiners. No, is a negative determiner. Let us look at these examples: They have many gifts. In this sentence, the determiner, Many, is an example of general determiner, as the number of gifts is not specify. Those dogs are barking. In this sentence, those, is an example of specific determiner, as a specific number of dogs are referred to. I have no idea about this book. In this sentence, No, is an example of negative determiner. Determiners can be categorized as follows: Articles, Demonstratives, Possessives, Distributives, Quantifiers or Numbers Expressions, Interrogatives, Let us consider some examples for each category Examples for Article are, a, an, the, etc. Examples for Demonstratives are, this, that, these, those, etc. Examples for Possessives are, My, our, your, his, her, their, etc. Examples for Distributives are, Each, every, etc. Example for Quantifiers or Numbers Expressions are, another, many, some, few, a lot of, several, and cardinal numbers like, one, two, etc. Examples for Interrogatives are, what, which, etc. Take a look at the following sentence. Our new car is beautiful. In this sentence the word our, is a determiner and the word new, is an adjective. A determiner and an adjective, can be differentiated in many ways. Let us see the differences between adjectives and determiners. An adjective, qualifies a noun. While, A determiner, limits the meaning of noun. The form of an adjective, can change. While, A determiner, do not change. An adjective, placed before the noun, or as a complement of a noun. While, a determiner, can come only before a noun. An adjective, comes after a determiner. While, A determiner, precedes other adjectives, that accompany it. Determiners can have different positions relative to one another.

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