Pragmatics ( Requests)
林慧菁哲學博士於國立政治大學外國語文學系演說語用學：世界各國（Speech Act: 請求）之對話特徵（跨文化語言學研究：要求於各國之既定習性）
Request Speech Acts by Grace Hui Chin Lin
Request language is a significant Pragmatics Philosophy, since asking help in the modern competitive society is not effortless but demanding. In request language, there are "supportive move" and "downloader" to achieve inquiry from interlocutors. This study investigates patterns of request discourses by the several strategies. For example, "Supportive move" can be a reason of request, which purposes on interlocutors' listener being motivated and admit the request. Moreover, the downloader can be a "politeness markers", which may raise the possibilities of approval in the request speech act. Beside, in different types of request speech act, the discourses can be created according to the relationships of the listeners as well as (the people who are requested) and the speakers (the people who request). Their relationship can be categorized into 1. intimate 2. Friends & acquaintances, and 3. strangers. According to 3 relationship genres, interlocutors talk differently by their high or low social positions.
In request speech acts, functions of "saving face" and "free option" as well as ways for building politeness atmosphere are also important. A listener may feel much better to accept the request, because the speakers concern about his/her feeling. If the above request sentence is not accompanied by the external modifiers (supportive moves), it sounds rude and impolite. This study was conducted in a graduate students' Pragmatics course, where 16 master and PhD students from Korea, Taiwan, Turkey and America had mentioned their suggestions for making appropriate requests. From a view in international situation, they recommended how a request can be accomplished in an appropriate way. The results are displayed by numerous sets of discourses.
Key words: Speech act, Supportive Move, Downloader, Politeness Markers, Interlocutor Relationship. 請求言語行為 講者林慧菁
The speech act paper abstract was published at Chengchi University. It is about speaking habits of diverse nations, including Turkey, Korea, America and Taiwan. Since the two Asian speakers before me, speaking in native-like English, I decided to give this lecture in Chinese. The background music is provided by my sister, Lin Helen. It is music of my grandmother's hometown, near Isreal.
i wonder what would have happened if i made this
my 60 year old daughter rates this atmosphere very engaging mate
go *** your cousin..
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